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Landmine Monitor 2019 report: a fourth consecutive year of exceptionally high casualties

Press release | 21st November 2019, 10:30

Demining operations in Chad

Demining operations in Chad | © Gilles Lordet/HI

Published on Thursday 21st November, the Landmine Monitor 2019 reports a fourth consecutive year of exceptionally high casualties caused by landmines, particularly explosive remnants (ERW) and improvised mines. The Monitor recorded 6,897 mine casualties in 2018. This heavy figure is mainly due to intense armed conflicts in Afghanistan, Libya, Nigeria, Syria and other conflict areas. The Ottawa Treaty banning the use of landmines entered into force 20 years ago. As States Parties to the Treaty will gather from 25 to 29 November in Oslo, Norway, Humanity & Inclusion is calling on States to enforce international humanitarian law and to put pressure on parties involved in conflicts to end the use of these horrific weapons.

The Landmine Monitor 2019 reveals that the number of new casualties of anti-personnel mines and explosive remnants of war remain high for the fourth year in a row (6,897 in 2018, 7,253 in 2017, 9,439 in 2016 and 6,971 in 2015). The number of casualties has nearly doubled between 2014 and 2018. In 2014, the Monitor recorded an average of about 10 casualties per day; in 2018, the rate nearly double to just below 20 casualties per day. Numerous casualties went unrecorded due to difficulties in some areas to gather information.

From the total of 6,897 mine casualties recorded in 2018, 3,789 people were killed or injured by improvised mines, which is the highest toll ever recorded by the Monitor. Casualties from improvised mines were identified in 18 States in 2018, mainly in Afghanistan (1,586) and Syria (1,076). Though mainly used by non-state armed groups, improvised anti-personnel landmines fall within the scope of the Ottawa Treaty and its prohibition of the use of any indiscriminate weapons. Dialog with some non-state armed groups to convince them to abandon such practices and to join the Treaty is possible.

In 2018, the majority of new casualties of anti-personnel mines and explosive remnants of war were recorded in Afghanistan (2,234), Myanmar (430), Syria (1,465), Ukraine (325) and Yemen (596).

The Landmine Monitor confirmed new uses of anti-personnel mines by government forces in Myanmar between October 2018 and October 2019. Non-State groups also used anti-personnel mines, including improvised mines, in at least six countries: Afghanistan, India, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan and Yemen.

These uses have caused high-level contamination that will endanger the lives of thousands of people in the long-term. A total of 60 States and territories have been contaminated by mines and explosive remnants of war around the world.

The vast majority of people killed by anti-personnel mines are civilians: 71% of casualties were civilians in 2018, of whom 54% were children. Explosive remnants caused the most child casualties (871, or 51%).

“The Ottawa Treaty entered into force 20 years ago causing a sharp decline in the use of landmines and of landmine casualties. But in recent years we are witnessing an alarming upsurge in the use of mines, with an unacceptable number of casualties. Our work against landmines is not over. We must defend the application of the Ottawa Treaty, advocate for the support of victims and face new challenges with the use of improvised landmines. We still need the support of citizens to completely eradicate landmines from the earth” says Aleema Shivji, Executive Director of Humanity & Inclusion UK.


- Here is a link to the monitor 

- Interview available upon request with Humanity & Inclusion’s experts.

The Ottawa Treaty bans the acquisition, production, stockpiling and use of anti-personnel mines. The treaty was opened for signing on 3 December 1997. It entered into force on 1 March 1999. A total of 164 States are party to the treaty and one state (the Marshall Islands) has signed but not ratified the treaty.

The Landmine Monitor 2019 report measures the impact of the Ottawa Treaty, which bans the use, production, transfer and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines for calendar year 2018, with information included up to November 2019 when possible.


About Humanity & Inclusion

Co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, Humanity & Inclusion is a charity working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. We work tirelessly alongside and vulnerable people to help meet their basic needs, improve their living conditions and promote respect for their dignity and fundamental rights.

For the past 30 years, Humanity & Inclusion has been campaigning against anti-personnel mines and cluster bombs, with projects ranging from bomb clearance, risk education to teach civilians about the dangers of these weapons and victim assistance. This led to the signing of the Ottawa mine ban convention (1997) and the Oslo convention on cluster munitions (2008). Humanity & Inclusion is one of six founding organizations of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and co-founder of the Cluster Munition Coalition.

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